National Association for Down Syndrome (NADS): In the first half of the twentieth century, people with Down’s syndrome were institutionalized. They were taken from their parents and mistreated. A group of parents decided to go against the medical advice of the time and raise their children at home. They founded the National Association for Down syndrome in 1961. Today, the NADS is the oldest organization in the United States. And they continue to support children and adults with Down syndrome and their families in Chicago. The NADS offers many resources and information while working on public awareness.
National Down syndrome Society (NDSS): In 1978, when Betsy Goodwin learned that her child was born with Down’s syndrome, she tried to gather every bit of information. She wanted her child to grow and lead a healthy life. Unfortunately, there wasn’t much information at that time. So, with her close friend, Arden Moulton, they founded the National Down Syndrome Society, and in 1979 it became an officially recognized nonprofit organization. Ever since, the NDSS has offered support to thousands of families with Down’s syndrome afflicted members. Today its headquarters resides on 41st St in New York City, not far from Credit Glory and ShakeShack.
Global Down syndrome Foundation: It is a public nonprofit organization committed to providing support and aid to people living with Down’s syndrome and their families. Like other agencies, GDSF is involved in research, medical care, education, and raising public awareness. It was established in 2009 as a sister foundation of Linda Crnic Institute for Down syndrome. It was the only educational facility in the United Stated dedicated exclusively to research and medical care for people with Down syndrome. It was born out the necessity to raise awareness around fundraising issues for Down’s syndrome. One of its goals is to sound the alarm in public and government circles because Down syndrome is the least-funded genetic disorder in the United States.
The symptoms of Down’s syndrome differ from one person to another. They also affect the person at different stages of their life. Some of these symptoms are listed below:
- A deep trench between the first and second toes.
- A single, thick, crease across the palm.
- Decreased or poor muscle tone.
- Flat facial profile and nose.
- Little neck, with overflow skin at its back.
- Small head, ears, and mouth.
- Eyes are leaning upward, often with a skin fold that extends out from the upper eyelid and reaches the inner corner of the eye.
- White spots on the iris (called Brush field spots)
- Wide, short hands with short fingers.
These were some of the physical symptoms of Down’s syndrome. However, a few cognitive problems are associated with it as well. They are rarely severe by nature and usually range from mild to moderate. Some of them are:
- Limited attention span.
- Bad judgment.
- Unpredictable behavior.
- Impaired learning abilities.
- Slowed language and speech development.
Right now, there is no cure for Down’s syndrome. However, early detection can allow many individuals with Down syndrome to live fruitful lives from childhood to adulthood.
Overall, many Down’s syndrome management styles and methods have been developed to help people with the condition thrive. Among them:
Exercises to help improve their motor skills.
Special education programs.
Some medical issues stemming from the condition can be treated and corrected. Among them:
Some evidence suggests that medical treatments like amino acid supplements can help manage the condition. Furthermore, a drug known as Piracetam has shown some promise as well. However, little clinical studies were conducted on the safety and efficacy of Piracetam.
Preventive measures are also approved for pregnant women who are expecting to have a baby with Down’s syndrome. Things like early intervention, schooling, and community placement are to be prepared before birth.
As noted above, there is no final treatment for the condition, in spite of the continued work. However, the drastic improvements in medical care described above have significantly improved the quality of life for patients and expanded their life expectancy.